Oceana News — fair trade coffee
Fair trade arose out of the coffee crisis of 1988. Because there were no price quotas, the supply of coffee vastly outstripped demand, sinking prices and devastating small coffee farmers. Fair trade certification, begun in the Netherlands, artificially raised coffee prices to ensure that small producers were paid fairly. Several organizations popped up around the world to support this mission, and they eventually came together to form Fairtrade International. Today, fair trade regulations also focus on ethical sourcing, prohibiting child labor and forced labor.